Only healthy clean skin can perform its functions correctly. Proper skin care prevents skin diseases and premature aging.
Types of skin diseases:
In general, any manifestations on the skin may be a reaction to any factors. For example, acne is a consequence of hormonal disorders, rosacea can develop against the background of prolonged antibiotic therapy, fans of beaches, tanning salons and saunas can face couperosis.
Classifying skin ailments is very difficult, because they are numerous, and many of them have similar symptoms. To distinguish the usual allergic reaction (acne, redness, swelling, rash), for example, from rosacea on the skin, you need to know about the most common skin diseases. The allergy can be cured by banal removal of contact with the allergen, but rosacea requires specialized treatment.
Acne develops due to the wrong functioning of the sebaceous glands and their inflammation (which can be caused by numerous reasons). At an early stage, the disease is manifested in the form of black dots and small solitary eel on the face, which gradually turn into inflamed focal rashes with painful manifestations. In general, this ailment affects adolescents during puberty. At a certain point, most cases disappear on their own, but there are cases that require serious treatment.
Rosacea is a small red or pink rash, seals, persistent reddening of the skin in the central part of the face, vasodilation, often eye damage. It is important to distinguish usual acne and rosacea.
Couperose is the formation of small vascular asterisks or meshes on the skin of the face. The main cause is the weak walls of the capillaries. To prevent the aggravation of the disease and to reduce the risk of vasodilation, you need to refuse the sauna, hot baths, spicy foods, coffee and alcohol. Use cosmetic products, which include linolenic acid, ascorbic acid, vitamins B5 and A, and give up cosmetics with fruit acids, alcohol, honey.
Papillomas are protruding neoplasms (warts) on the skin due to the papilloma virus. This virus is present in the body of every person. Due to a decrease in immunity, traumatization of a certain cutaneous area, lack of vitamins, permanent stress and even pregnancy, the papilloma virus activates and provokes the development of neoplasms. Such warts can sometimes be malignant. To prevent the disease, one should strengthen their immune defenses, lead a healthy lifestyle. Papillomas cause a lot of discomfort and unpleasant sensations. Treatment of this skin disease is complex and involves the identification and elimination of the immediate cause that provoked the development of warts, the removal of papillomas by laser, cryotherapy, electric current, or by excision.
The disease is pustular and infectious. It is caused by the activity of streptococci and staphylococci, or their combination. The disease is characterized by red tubercle rashes with painful manifestations. Gradually, the tubercles are replaced with the emerging vesicles with purulent contents.
Melanoma is a tumor that develops from a birthmark. As a rule, it has a malignant character. The main sign of melanoma is an increase in the size of a mole more than 6 m in diameter, while the mole has uneven edges and changes color.
Keratosis is not an inflammatory skin disease associated with excessive cornification of the skin due to delayed exfoliation processes. The disease causes discomfort and painful sensations (itching, bleeding cracks, erosion and ulceration).
Vitiligo is a disease that causes the loss of skin color in blotches as a result of a melanin deficiency. Spots can grow in size, get rounded outlines. The disease is caused by violated pigmentation. The causes are not fully established.
Chloasma is a condition in which excessive brown pigmentation appears on the skin of the face. Gradually, small spots merge into larger formations. The disease can be caused by disruptions in the work of the liver, ovaries, and the pituitary gland. Most often, the disease occurs during pregnancy.
The development of seborrhea is associated with scaly patches and red skin, mainly on the scalp. These are red papulo-squamous eruptions of inflammatory nature with clear boundaries. All the rashes are covered with a layer of fatty scales (exfoliated skin cells). Spots may grow and merge. The main cause of development are malfunctions in the work of the nervous system and disorders of hormonal nature. The disease is fraught with the development of painful acne, boils and seams of the face. Often, this disease causes scars, which can not be eliminated.
This list can be continued – eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, etc. Masking unpleasant manifestations with the help of decorative cosmetics will not help, it is necessary to eliminate the root cause.
Causes of skin diseases:
- poor-quality skin care, incorrect cosmetics or its complete absence;
- hereditary factors;
- weakening of immunity, viral infections;
- infection with parasites;
- unhealthy diet and lifestyle;
- diseases of the circulatory system, digestive system, kidneys;
- malfunctions in the work of the nervous system;
- hormonal failures;
- chronic fatigue, stress.
All these factors can provoke skin diseases. The treatment depends of on the provoking factor.
Treatment of skin diseases:
The first thing to do is to consult a doctor and undergo a medical examination to determine the cause of the disease. An accurate diagnosis will determine the further treatment of the disease. Treatment can be medicamentous (antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and antifungal drugs (ointments, tablets), folk remedies (home soothing and anti-inflammatory masks) that facilitate the condition. In some cases, it is important to protect the body from stress, eat well, lead a healthy lifestyle, and give up harmful habits.
The effectiveness of treatment depends on the accuracy of the diagnosis. The most important point is not to delay the treatment.
Basic skin care tips:
Skin care at home is divided into morning and evening care and includes the following stages:
- intensive care (nutrition, hydration);
You’d better clean the skin not with soap, but with a special gel or lotion in the morning, and lotion plus cleansing milk in the evening. Toning should be carried out after cleansing, both in the morning and in the evening. Intensive care should be used daily: morning – day cream, evening – night cream. Day cream also serves as a photoprotection and can become the basis for make-up.
In addition to daily skin care, do not forget about some methods that restore skin tonus and a sense of freshness. A mask is a purposeful solution of one or several problems. For example, dehydration, sunburn, dull complexion, pinpoint reddening (couperose), dark circles under the eyes and much more.
Nowadays, there are many techniques that allow to significantly improve the skin condition. However, all these procedures should be agreed with a beautician. For example, a bleaching procedure. It is necessary to clean and peel the face. Methods of laser cosmetology and ozone therapy are very popular. Mimic wrinkles can be smoothed with botox or biogel.