Ventricular Tachycardia

General Illness Information

Medical Term: Ventricular tachycardia

Common Name: VT, v-tach

Description: Ventricular tachycardia is rapid heartbeat, which begins in the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles). Ventricular tachycardia is defined by a pulse rate of more than 100 beats per minute and at least three irregular heartbeats in a row.


This condition can develop as an early or late complication of a heart attack. Ventricular tachycardia can also occur in people with:

  • Cardiomyopathy;
  • Heart failure;
  • After heart surgery;
  • Myocarditis;
  • Defects of the valvular heart.

In some cases, ventricular tachycardia occurs without heart disease.

Ventricular tachycardia can also be caused for the following reasons:

  • Antiarrhythmic drugs (used to treat abnormal heart rhythms);
  • Changes in blood chemistry (such as low potassium levels);
  • Change in blood pH (acid-base balance);
  • Lack of sufficient oxygen.

Signs & Symptoms:

Symptoms can occur if the heart rate is very fast or if the episode lasts longer than a few seconds. Symptoms may include:

  • Discomfort in the chest;
  • Angina pectoris;
  • Fainting (syncope);
  • Dizziness;
  • Inconsistent breath.

Symptoms can start and stop suddenly. In some cases, a person does not experience any symptoms.


  • Daily monitoring;
  • ECG;
  • Intrauterine electrophysiology;
  • Biochemistry of blood and other tests.


Treatment depends on the symptoms, as well as on the type of heart disorder.

A person with ventricular tachycardia may need:

  • Cardioversion;
  • Medicines (such as lidocaine, procainamide, sotalol or amiodarone).

Drug therapy often lasts for a long time. However, many drugs can have serious side effects. Today they are used less often, as other methods of treatment are developed and improved:

  • Ablation;
  • Implantable defibrillator. This device detects rapid heartbeat, after which it quickly sends an electrical impulse to the heart to change the rhythm. This is called defibrillation;
  • Implantable heart defibrillator.


  • Prevention of diseases that cause ventricular tachycardia;
  • Refusing alcohol and smoking;
  • Exclusion of intense psycho-emotional stress (stress, conflict situations at work and at home);
  • Regular moderate exercise (walks, morning exercises);
  • Rational and balanced nutrition (limited consumption of fried, salted, smoked food, eating more fresh fruits and vegetables);
  • Control of body weight;
  • Controlling the level of sugar and cholesterol (fat-like substance, building material of cells) in the blood.

Possible Complications:

  • Ventricular fibrillation (frequent erratic, irregular excitation and contraction of individual muscle fibers);
  • Heart failure – develops with a long course of the disease;
  • Sudden cardiac death.


The outcome depends on the condition of the heart and the symptoms.


Not specified.

Connected Herbal Supplements :


General Information Common name: Common chicory, chicory Scientific term: Cichorium intybus Description: Chicory is a perennial herbaceous plant of the dandelion family Asteraceae, which is…

Barley Grass

General Information Description: Barley grass is a plant that can be safely attributed to the most valuable products, which are of great benefit to a…

Connected Medications :

Brevibloc (Esmolol HCl)

BREVIBLOC® Zeneca Esmolol HCl Beta-adrenergic Receptor Blocking Agent Action And Clinical Pharmacology: Esmolol is a beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agent with predominant blocking effect on beta-1…

Xylocard (Lidocaine HCl)

XYLOCARD® Astra Lidocaine HCl Antiarrhythmic Action And Clinical Pharmacology: Mechanism of Action: The mode of action of the antiarrhythmic effect of lidocaine appears to be…

Sotacor (Sotalol HCl)

SOTACOR® Bristol Sotalol HCl Antiarrhythmic Action and Clinical Sotalol has both beta-adrenoreceptor blocking (Vaughan Williams Class II) and cardiac action potential duration prolongation (Vaughan Williams…

Inderal (Propranolol HCl)

INDERAL® INDERAL®-LA Wyeth-Ayerst Propranolol HCl Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocking Agent Action And Clinical Pharmacology: Propranolol is a non-selective beta-adrenergic receptor blocking drug. It has no other…

Adenocard (Adenosine)

ADENOCARD® Fujisawa Adenosine Antiarrhythmic Action And Clinical Pharmacology: Adenosine is an endogenous nucleoside occurring in all cells of the body. When injected i.v. adenosine slows…