General Information

Common name: Dandelion

Scientific term: Taráxacum

Description: Dandelion is a plant used as a medicinal herb internally and externally.


Dandelion contains many useful substances that have therapeutic effect. Dandelion root is the most popular as a medicine, because its composition is rich in such components as:

  • Polysaccharide (<20%);
  • Inulin (<40%);
  • Glycoside – Taraxacin (<15%);
  • Rubber (≈2.5%);
  • Apple acid (≈0.25%);
  • Organic acids;
  • Protein substances;
  • Carotene;
  • Mineral salts;
  • Fatty oil;
  • Bitterness;
  • Slime;
  • Tannins;
  • Resins;
  • Vitamin C;
  • B vitamins;
  • Sterols.

Dandelion leaves are also effectively used as a medicine. They contain:

  • Retinol;
  • Ascorbic acid;
  • Asparagine;
  • Tocopherol;
  • Riboflavin;
  • Rutin;
  • Choline;
  • Protein (<5%);
  • Minerals: Fe, P, K, Ca, Cu, Mo, Ni, Ti, B, Mn.


Dandelion is used in various directions of medicine. Its roots and leaves increase the secretion of gastric juice, and, accordingly, stimulate digestion and appetite. In addition, the decoction of the roots removes spasms, cramps and colic.

Dandelion is irreplaceable in dermatology, because it cures many skin lesions. Dandelion can promote the excretion of stones from the gallbladder and kidneys. Dandelion can help lose weight due to the fact that its components “break” cellulite and obesity.

This plant is used in the treatment of many diseases, because it has many useful properties:

  • Antiviral;
  • Anti-tuberculosis;
  • Diuretic;
  • Choleretic;
  • Spasmolytic;
  • Antiseptic;
  • Vitamin;
  • Expectorant;
  • Anti-inflammatory;
  • Antitoxic;
  • Normalizing pressure;
  • Anthelminthic;
  • Wound healing;
  • Anti-radiation;
  • Laxative;
  • Lactational;
  • Soothing (hypnotics).

Dandelion is used for gastric cataracts, and this plant can significantly speed up the treatment of liver and kidney diseases.

Dandelion perfectly copes with inflammatory diseases and atherosclerosis.

Dandelion is useful in anorexia, because the bitterness contained in the plant is an excellent stimulant of appetite.

This herb can be also used as a medicine with poisoning and intoxication, as well as with the following diseases:

  • Cholecystitis;
  • Edema;
  • Potassium deficiency;
  • Cirrhosis of the liver;
  • Gastritis with low acidity;
  • Diseases of the joints.

Thanks to medicinal components, Dandelion is a wonderful preparation for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. This plant can stimulate the production of insulin.

Dandelion also helps to get rid of stones in the kidneys, bile and urinary bladder. As an additional remedy, the plant can participate in the treatment of anemia.

Dandelion has a stimulating effect on the cardiovascular system. In addition, this plant is very useful in the treatment of arthritis.

Dandelion is used for the treatment of:

  • Acne;
  • Warts;
  • Rash;
  • Eczema;
  • Dermatitis;
  • Furunculosis.

Another important property of a dandelion is the ability to block the bites of poisonous insects. Dandelion increases milk production.

Dandelion has such a variety of medicinal properties, which makes this plant very popular in medicine.

Dandelion juice belongs to the list of the most curative remedies, with a tonic and firming effect, because this juice:

  • normalizes high acidity;
  • normalizes alkaline balance in the body;
  • helps in the treatment of spine and bones;
  • strengthens teeth;
  • treats periodontitis.

Dandelion is also used for cosmetic purposes to get rid of pigment spots and freckles.


Despite all the advantages of a dandelion, this plant has some contraindications, namely:

  • Stomach ulcer;
  • Duodenal ulcer;
  • Hyperacid gastritis;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Increased acidity of gastric juice.

Adverse reactions and contraindications:

Dandelion can cause allergies, and aggravate the symptoms of hyperacid gastritis. This plant is used with caution for intestinal obstruction, obstruction of the bile ducts and stones in the gallbladder.

In general, Dandelion is considered one of the most well tolerated medicinal plants.

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