Description: Betel nut is is the seed of the areca palm (Areca catechu), which grows up to 25 meters. Homeland of betel is Southeast Asia, but the tree also cultivated in many other areas of the globe.
Betel nut has been used for 7000-9000 years and is one of the oldest psychoactive substances used by man. The use of betel nut is part of the culture in Southeast Asia and has a long history. It is used for mental and physical stimulation, and also for suppressing feelings of hunger. The number of consumers in the world is about 500 million, and is one of the most common psychoactive substances on the planet.
The nut contains various alkaloids: arecoline (as the main active ingredient), arecaine, arecaidine, guwakoline, tannins, resins, carbohydrates, proteins and minerals.
Betel nut increases salivation, used as a diuretic and laxative. In addition, it suppresses hunger and fights against parasites in the digestive tract. Betel nut is a stimulant and euphoriant. Active substances are absorbed through the mucous membranes of the mouth. As a result of chewing nuts, teeth are painted red.
Excessive consumption of Betel nut can cause stomach discomfort and nausea. It is also suspected that betel can cause cancer.
A high betel dose is 4 grams. 8-10 grams can have serious health consequences, up to a lethal outcome.