SODIUM CHLORIDE IRRIGATION SOLUTION USP
Indications And Clinical Uses:
A sterile solution which exerts a mechanical cleansing action for: sterile irrigation of body cavities, tissues, wounds, indwelling urethral catheters, surgical drainage tubes; washing and rinsing purposes that allow use of a sterile nonpyrogenic electrolyte solution; soaking of surgical dressings, instruments and laboratory specimens.
Sodium chloride irrigation solution 0.9% is for topical use only and should never be administered by parenteral injection. Solutions containing electrolytes should not be used for irrigation during electrosurgical procedures. Irrigating solutions should not be used in situations where systemic absorption may occur.
Sodium chloride irrigation solution should be used with caution in patients with severe renal or cardiac dysfunction, since systemic absorption may substantially alter cardiopulmonary or renal function. If adverse effects, overhydration or solute overload occur, the solution should be discontinued, the patient evaluated, and appropriate corrective therapy instituted if necessary.:
Sodium chloride irrigation solution should not be used unless the solution is clear, and the ampul seal intact. Once opened, the solution should be used promptly to minimize the possibility of bacterial contamination. Any unused portion should be discarded.
:Adverse effects resulting from irrigation of body cavities, tissues, or indwelling catheters are usually avoidable when appropriate procedures are followed. Displaced catheters or drainage tubes can lead to irrigation or infiltration of unintended structures. Excessive volume or pressure during irrigation of closed cavities may result in distention or disruption of tissues. Inadvertent contamination from careless technique may transmit infection.
Dosage And Administration:
Sodium chloride irrigation solution is administered topically, or during urological irrigation via an administration set connected to an indwelling urethral catheter designed for intermittent or 2-way flow.
Dosage of the solution depends on the capacity or surface area of the structure to be irrigated, as well as on the nature of the procedure.
The use of aseptic technique is essential when irrigating solutions are used for irrigation of body cavities, wounds, and urethral catheters, or when used for wetting dressing which comes into contact with body tissues.
Availability & Storage:
Each mL of isotonic sterile solution contains: sodium chloride 9 mg in sterile water. Polyamp units (single use plastic ampuls) of 30 and 50 mL. Store at room temperature (15 to 30°C). Do not use if solution is cloudy or contains a precipitate. Discard unused portion.
SODIUM CHLORIDE IRRIGATION SOLUTION USP AstraZeneca Sodium Chloride Irrigation Solution