Indications And Clinical Uses: Oral administration of required electrolytes and water to patients with mild or moderate diarrhea; for maintenance of body water and electrolyte balance and prevention of dehydration secondary to acute diarrhea in infants and children.
Precautions: Severe dehydration secondary to diarrhea and other conditions incurring large fluid and electrolyte losses requires parenteral therapy initially. With intractable vomiting, adynamic ileus, intestinal obstruction or perforated bowel, nothing should be administered orally. In the presence of decreased renal function with oliguria and anuria, oral and i.v. solutions should be administered with caution.
Dosage: Children under 2 years: Consult physician before using. Children 2 to 10 years: With moderate to severe dehydration, oral dose initially: 15 mL of solution/kg over the first 3 to 4 hours; 100 mL of solution/kg over the next 18 to 24 hours, the amounts and rates being adjusted as needed and tolerated depending on thirst and response to therapy. Not more than 100 mL of fluid should be given during any 20-minute period. The child should drink 1 to 2 L/day while diarrhea continues.
Availability And Storage: Pediatric Electrolyte is prepared from water, dextrose, fructose, potassium citrate, sodium chloride and sodium citrate. Each L of oral electrolyte solution provides: sodium 45 mEq, potassium 20 mEq, chloride 35 mEq, citrate 30 mEq, dextrose 20 g and fructose 5 g (fruit flavor only). Plastic bottles of 1 000 mL (fruit, grape and unflavored), cases of 8. Bottles of 248 mL (fruit, grape and unflavored), cases of 16.
PEDIATRIC ELECTROLYTE Pharmascience Electrolytes Electrolyte Maintenance