Author: RxMed

Hives

General Illness Information Common Name: Hives Medical Term: Urticaria Description: Disorder characterized by a skin rash with raised areas with redness and itching. Commonly allergic but may also occur on a non-allergic basis. Causes: Allergic or non-allergic; massive histamine release from mast cells in skin. Drug reaction especially Aspirin, Non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs. Food or food additive allergy. Allergy to peanuts and/or tree nuts a leading cause of severe (sometimes…

Upper Respiratory Infection

General Illness Information Medical Term: Upper Respiratory Infection, URI Common name Common Cold Description: A contagious viral infection of the upper-respiratory passages Causes: Any of at least 100 viruses. Virus particles spread through the air or from person-to-person contact, especially hand-shaking. Prevention: Wash hands frequently, especially after blowing your nose or handling food. To prevent spreading a cold to others, avoid unnecessary contact during the contagious phase (first 2 to…

Ulcerative Colitis

General Illness Information Common Name: Ulcerative Colitis Medical Term: Ulcerative Colitis Description: It is an inflammatory disease of the colon characterized by episodes of abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea. Secondary to ulceration in the mucosal lining of the large bowel. Usually this is a disease of flare ups and remissions. Occurs most commonly between ages of 15 and 40 and more common in women. Causes: Unknown. Genetic, infectious, immunologic and…

Thyroiditis

General Illness Information Medical Term: THYROIDITIS (DE QUERVAIN’S THYROIDITIS, SUBACUTE THYROIDITIS, LYMPHOCYTIC THYROIDITIS, PAINLESS THYROIDITIS, POSTPARTUM THYROIDITIS) Common Name: None Specified Description: Thyroiditis is an acute inflammation of the thyroid gland. This inflammation often leads to destruction of cells of the thyroid gland. It may lead to hypothyroidism (under active thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) -as the thyroid gland cells are destroyed, thyroid hormone is released, thus often rendering the…

Stress Incontinence

General Illness Information Medical Term: INCONTINENCE, STRESS Common Name: None Specified Description: Involuntary loss of bladder control and passage of urine in conditions of high abdominal pressure or stress (coughing, sneezing, lifting, etc.). Commonest in post-menopausal women. Causes: Loss of pelvic support with age, childbirth and surgery. Damage to sphincter control mechanisms in males (rare). Prevention: Eat a normal, well-balanced diet and exercise regularly to build and maintain muscle strength….

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus)

General Illness Information Common Name: Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) Medical Term: None Specified Description: A chronic inflammatory disorder of connective tissue, of unknown cause. Involves major organs such as skin, joints, kidneys, brain, heart, lungs, etc. Occurs predominantly in young women, also occurs in children Causes: Lupus is an autoimmune disease. This means that the body’s defenses against infection attack the body’s own tissue. This causes inflammation. Areas of the…

Thyroid Nodule

General Illness Information Medical Term: THYROID NODULE (SOLITARY THYROID NODULE, MULTINODULAR GOITER, BENIGN NODULE, MALIGNANT NODULE, COLLOID NODULE, NODULAR THYROID) Common Name: GOITRE Description: Thyroid nodule is a swelling/mass on the thyroid gland Thyroid nodules are most often benign  (fewer than 5% of detected nodules are malignant). A thyroid nodule may be found on palpation of the gland by your physician, or incidentally on a thyroid/neck ultrasound. Thyroid nodules are…

Seizures, Febrile

General Illness Information Medical Term: SEIZURES, FEBRILE Common Name: Seizures, febrile, febrile fits. Description: Seizure occurring with fever in infancy or childhood without evidence of other underlying cause. It is triggered by rapid rise in temperature in infants and children. Febrile convulsions typically occur with rising temperature followed by altered consciousness and uncontrolled muscle spasms. They can occur in up to 4% of children between ages of 6 months to…

Shingles

General Illness Information Common Name: Shingles Medical Term: Herpes Zoster Description: Reactivation of a latent or dormant virus (varicella,or chickenpox virus)  in the body. When the virus is activated, it spreads through part of the nervous system called the dorsal root ganglia, causing the characteristic crops of blistering lesions (vesicles) of shingles. Can affect any age, but most common in adults over the age of 50. Causes: Herpes zoster is…

Dermatitis, Seborrheic

General Illness Information Common Name: Dermatitis, Seborrheic Medical Term: None Specified Description: Seborrheic dermatitis is a common , chronic skin condition presenting as dry whitish scales or greasy scales. Can involve the scalp, eyebrows, forehead, face, trunk, or skin folds. It is not considered contagious. Dandruff and cradle cap are both forms of seborrheic dermatitis. Causes: Mechanism of disease unknown. Recently discovered to be probably caused by a fungus Malassezia…